ONE AND A HALF YEARS TO GO TILL THE END OF CURRENT CONVOCATION
3.5 years of Verkhovna Rada
WORK DONE BY MPs OVER A PERIOD OF 3.5 YEARS IN PARLIAMENT
Over a 3.5-year period of work of 8th convocation of the Verkhovna Rada, people's deputies voiced their opinions 5,524,967 times during parliamentary voting. During this period, an average Ukrainian MP skipped every fifth parliamentary vote, abstained from voting in a third of attended parliamentary votes, and casted affirmative votes in two fifths of all cases of parliamentary voting. Furthermore, an average MP voted "against" only in 1% of parliamentary votes and casted blank votes in 7% of all cases of parliamentary voting. According to OPORA's estimates, less than 10% of all parliamentary votes were attended by: non-affiliated MPs Serhiy Klyuyev – 1.6% of all parliamentary votes, Dmytro Yarosh – 2.7%, Andriy Biletsky – 6.4%, Kostyantyn Zhevago – 8.2%, member of deputy group "People's Will" (Volya Narodu) Vyacheslav Boguslayev – 7.5%, and representative of "Opposition Bloc" Yukhym Zvyagilsky – 6,9%. Meanwhile, MPs Ivan Sporysh, Andriy Parubiy, Serhiy Melnyk, Mykola Velychkovych, Taras Yuryk and Mykhailo Bondar demonstrated the most responsible attitude to parliamentary voting. The above-mentioned people's deputies attended nearly 100% of parliamentary votes.
A total of 2,283 meetings were held within the walls of parliamentary committees in the course of current convocation of the Verkhovna Rada. During this period, the largest number of meetings were held by representatives of budget (141 meetings) and anti-corruption (119) committees operating under the heaviest workload. It is worth noting that only nine people's deputies boast 100% attendance record at the meetings of parliamentary committees: Olena Boyko, Oleh Velikin, Viktor Galasyuk, Artur Palatny, Vladyslav Sevryukov, Olga Chervakova, Hryhoriy Shverk, Tetyana Yuzkova and Nina Yuzhanina. Meanwhile, as many as 18 MPs attended 10 (or less) percent of the meetings of relevant parliamentary committees over a 3.5-year period of work of the Verkhovna Rada. This refers to Vyacheslav Boguslayev, Yuriy Boyko, Mykhailo Dobkin, Pavlo Baloha, Kostyantyn Zhevago, Andriy Biletsky, Yuriy Solod, Oleksandr Vilkul, Dmytro Yarosh, Ruslan Solvar, Dmytro Dobkin, Oleksandr Onyshchenko, Serhiy Lyovochkin, Yevhen Bakulin, Andriy Denysenko, Serhiy Klyuyev, Yulia Tymoshenko and Stepan Ivakhiv.
During the period from November 2014 to May 2018, Ukrainian parliamentarians registered 6,613 draft laws, of which only 808 or 12% of the total number were adopted. In this respect, President and Government proved to be more efficient than MPs. In particular, 76% of all draft laws that were initiated by the President eventually became laws in effect. Almost a third (29%) of all governmental draft laws that were submitted to Verkhovna Rada received the affirmative votes of parliamentary majority. By comparison, only 8% of draft laws registered by MPs eventually came into force.

It should be noted that the highest efficiency of current convocation of parliament was recorded in 2015 when five parliamentary factions formed part of government coalition. During this period, MPs adopted a total of 340 draft laws. In 2016, 212 draft laws received the affirmative votes of parliamentary majority, while in 2017 – only 174 draft laws. As of the end of May 2018, MPs adopted 64 draft laws since the start of the year.

How many draft laws were registered in parliament?
Only 12% of all draft laws initiated during the 3.5-year period of Verkhovna Rada's work eventually became laws in effect. Low efficiency of lawmaking process is an institutional problem of Ukrainian parliamentarism, which is typical for all convocations of the Verkhovna Rada. At the same time, there is a negative trend towards deteriorating legislative efficiency of Ukrainian parliament or the lack of tangible progress in this respect. Only 808 out of 6,613 draft laws were adopted in the current convocation of Verkhovna Rada. By comparison, 3rd convocation of parliament adopted 877 laws (or 21% of initiated draft laws), 4th convocation – 1 434 laws (28%), 6th convocation – 1 134 laws (17%).

Low percentage of adoption of new laws is due to the fact that more and more draft laws are registered with each convocation of parliament. MPs of 3rd convocation registered 3,891 draft laws, 4th convocation – 5,185 draft laws, 6th convocation – 6,616 draft laws. A total of 6,613 draft laws have already been registered in the current convocation of parliament in just three and a half years of work. Therefore, the number of registered draft laws might well increase significantly by the end of current convocation.
"Legislative tsunami" and ways of overcoming it
Registration of substantial quantity of draft laws results in the so-called phenomenon of "legislative tsunami". Parliament is swamped with work on enormous number of draft laws and therefore MPs can't review them in a quality manner. Under such circumstances, only one in eight registered draft laws has good prospects of becoming a law in effect.

People's deputies account for the majority of drafters of legislative initiatives. For the most part, MPs register draft laws on their own (2,205 legislative initiatives or 40% of the total number). 1,496 draft laws (28%) were registered by deputy groups consisting of 2-5 co-legislators , 1,546 draft laws (29%) – by groups of 5-20 co-legislators, 154 draft laws (3%) – by groups consisting of more than 20 co-legislators.

In view of the above-mentioned, OPORA stresses the expediency of revising the method (procedure) for registering the draft laws of sole legislators. For example, it is advisable to adopt a legal provision stipulating that draft laws can be submitted for registration only by parliamentary factions or deputy groups.
Status of consideration
and thematic scope of draft laws

Every sixth draft law (1,049) registered in parliament is still awaiting consideration in the session hall. 1,353 draft laws were excluded from consideration (due to withdrawal of draft law by legislator, submission of alternative draft law as a replacement, etc.). Slightly more than 10% of all draft laws (664) were rejected in parliament. Furthermore, every twentieth draft law (315) was sent back for revision (reported out). Meanwhile, only 2% of all registered draft laws (118) are being finalized or await second reading. However, consideration in the main committee proved to be one of the "toughest tests" faced by initiated draft laws. As a result, every third registered draft law (1,904 legislative initiatives) is still in the process of consideration by parliamentary committee.
In terms of thematic scope, the largest number of registered draft laws are related to economic policy (2,076), a somewhat smaller quantity of draft laws address the issues of industry-specific development (1,698) and legal policy (1,775). 540 legislative initiatives are aimed at regulating social policy, 477 draft laws are related to state-building, 256 – security and defense, 192 – international agreements, 101 – humanitarian policy.

It should be noted that half of adopted draft laws address the issues of economic policy (203) and industry-specific development (197). On the other hand, every fifth draft law (143) adopted by the Verkhovna Rada relates to international agreements (almost half of them were initiated by the President).

The smallest number of draft laws adopted in 8th convocation of the Verkhovna Rada address the issues of security and defense (53 legislative initiatives), state-building (27) and humanitarian policy (16).
President and Government are more efficient
in terms of lawmaking than members of parliament

76% of draft laws that were initiated by the President over a 3.5-year period of Verkhovna Rada's activity eventually became laws in effect. Almost a third (29%) of governmental draft laws that were submitted to parliament received affirmative votes of parliamentary majority. Meanwhile, only 8% of draft laws that were submitted by people's deputies eventually came into force. Parliament adopted 423 draft laws that were initiated by MPs, 268 governmental draft laws and 117 presidential draft laws.
Decline in the number of adopted laws
towards the end of current convocation of parliament

The highest efficiency of current convocation of parliament was recorded in 2015 when five parliamentary factions formed part of government coalition. During this period, MPs adopted a total of 340 draft laws. Since then, the number of adopted laws has been decreasing gradually year after year. In 2016, 212 draft laws received affirmative votes of parliamentary majority, while in 2017 – only 174 draft laws. As of the end of May 2018, parliament adopted 64 draft laws since the start of the year.
Who bears responsibility for current policy
Analysis of authorship of the laws adopted in parliament over the past three and a half years gives insight into share of responsibility for the current policy taken by various subjects of legislative initiative. 52% of the total number of laws adopted by 8th convocation of parliament were initiated by people's deputies, 33% – by Cabinet of Ministers, and 15% – by President. Therefore, people's deputies, Government and President are equally responsible for shaping the current policy and updating the legal framework. Moreover, not only parliamentary factions forming part of government coalition, but also other political forces whose legislative initiatives were adopted and became laws in effect share this responsibility.

MPs representing "Petro Poroshenko Bloc "Solidarity" and "People's Front" factions were involved in elaborating the largest number of draft laws that were adopted by parliament – 307 and 254, correspondingly. MPs representing Radical Party were involved in drafting 138 legislative initiatives that eventually came into force, MPs representing "Samopomich" Union were co-legislators of 127 draft laws adopted by parliament, MPs representing AUU "Batkivshchyna" – 121 adopted laws, members of "People's Will" parliamentary group – 55, members of "Vidrodzhennia" faction – 48, members of "Opposition Bloc" faction – 40.
Leading lawmakers
The largest number of draft laws (including coauthored ones) over a 3.5-year period of Verkhovna Rada's work were elaborated by MPs Oleh Liashko (258), Viktor Halasyuk (231), Mykhailo Holovko (205), Andriy Shynkovych (198), Yuriy Levchenko (191), Vadym Ivchenko (178), Roman Matsola (178), Yuriy Bublyk (177), Ivan Krulko (163) and Tetyana Ostrikova (156).

According to OPORA, such a large number of registered draft laws is by no means evidence of high efficiency of parliamentary work. It is not infrequent that legislators don't even try to seek support from their colleagues when it comes to adopting certain draft laws.

MPs registering large quantities of draft laws ignore the consequences of such activity – additional workload on parliamentary committees, Apparatus of the Verkhovna Rada and deputy factions resulting from the need to examine an ever increasing number of draft laws within the same timeframe. Deputies have no physical capacity to consider all draft laws which were submitted to parliament at their initiative, not to mention the capacity to conduct thorough analysis or revision of legislative initiatives. As a result, one third of registered draft laws are still in the process of consideration by parliamentary committees, and only one out of eight registered draft laws has a chance of becoming a law in effect.
Their initiatives garner the support of parliament
As for "parliamentary success rate" achieved over a 3.5-year period of work of 8th convocation of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, only 6 MPs boast co-authorship in draft laws, of which more than 30% were eventually adopted by parliament: Glib Zagoriy, Oleksandr Tretyakov, Oleksandr Granovsky, Olga Byelkova, Andriy Pavelko and Oleksiy Poroshenko (all representing "Solidarity" PPB). 16 MPs managed to garner the support of parliamentary majority in favor of a quarter or more than a quarter of their legislative initiatives: Viktoriya Syumar, Natalia Katser-Buchkovska, Olga Chervakova, Ihor Gryniv, Svitlana Voitsekhovska, Bohdan Onufryk, Maksym Yefimov, Oksana Korchynska, Ihor Alekseyev, Iryna Gerashchenko, Artur Gerasymov, Olena Kondratyuk, Serhiy Pashynsky, Oleksandr Sochka, Yukhym Zvyagilsky and Kostyantyn Zhevago.
Hlib Zagoriy is the most productive member of "Petro Poroshenko Bloc "Solidarity" faction (42% of his draft laws were adopted), the most productive member of "People's Front" – Viktoriya Syumar (29%), Radical Party – Oksana Korchynska (26%), "Opposition Bloc" – Yukhym Zvyagilsky (25%), "Samopomich" Union – Oleh Berezyuk (20%), "People's Will" deputy group – Vyacheslav Boguslayev (20%), AUU "Batkivshchyna" – Oleksandr Ryabchyn (18%), "Vidrodzhennia" Party – Oleh Kulinich (13%).
Their initiatives don't garner the support
of parliament

Despite significant number of registered draft laws, 52 people's deputies demonstrated zero efficiency in law-making over a 3.5-year period of parliamentary work. MPs representing the "Opposition Bloc" account for the majority of anti-leaders in this respect. In particular, Natalia Korolevska was involved in elaboration of 131 draft laws, none of which became a law in effect. Yuriy Solod submitted 107 legislative initiatives that were never adopted by parliament, Oleksandr Vilkul submitted 97 unsuccessful initiatives, Dmytro Shpenov – 79, Dmytro Kolesnikov – 73. Non-affiliated MP Yevhen Murayev submitted 155 draft laws, none of which came into force.
Inter-factional cooperation in parliament
OPORA analyzed all the parliamentary votes and determined the factions which align their positions on voting issues. Voting consistency is indicative of the level of interaction and coherence of positions of deputy factions during parliamentary vote. Voting consistency indicator shows the actual configuration and strength of parliamentary majority.

Factions of "Petro Poroshenko Bloc "Solidarity" and "People's Front" forming part of parliamentary majority demonstrated the highest rate of voting consistency – concerted voting recorded in 95% of all cases. Some of ex-partners in government coalition "European Ukraine" were the main allies of these factions during decision-making process in April. Radical Party is the political force that most often voted in concert with government coalition (Radical Party's position on voting issues was consistent with those of "People's Front" and "Solidarity" PPB in 79% and 77% of all parliamentary votes, correspondingly). Voting consistency between coalition factions and "Samopomich" Union – 66% / 67%, voting consistency between coalition factions and AUU "Batkivshchyna" – 51% / 52%, which makes it the most opposed political force among those which formed part of broad coalition at the beginning of current convocation of parliament.

The lowest rate of voting consistency with coalition factions was demonstrated by "Opposition Bloc" (concerted voting recorded in 9% of all cases) as well as deputy groups of "Vidrodzhennia" Party (15% / 16%) and "People's Will" (2%). Such a low rate of voting consistency indicates that "People's Will" and coalition factions were involved in the smallest number of concerted votes, but this political force often votes in concert with the coalition, in particular, when it comes to voting on particularly important governmental draft laws (for example, draft budget).

The results of analysis of voting consistency between various factions and the "party of power" ("Solidarity" PPB) with a breakdown by month give evidence of several trends. "Solidarity" PPB and "People's Front" had been demonstrating stably high voting consistency rate since the beginning of current convocation of parliament (on average, concerted voting in 95% of all cases during the period from November 2014 to October 2016). However, there has been a gradual decline in the number of concerted votes starting from November 2016. As of May 2018, the rate of voting consistency between "Solidarity" PPB and "People's Front" is 86%.
The rate of voting consistency between Radical Party and AUU "Batkivshchyna" ranged between 72 and 77% from month to month during the period ending in March 2016 when deputy faction of Radical Party formed part of government coalition. The number of parliamentary votes in concert with "Solidarity" PPB didn't decrease following Radical Party's decision to pull out of the coalition, on the contrary – the number of concerted votes increased. For example, in some months the rate of voting consistency between these political forces reached 82%. At the same time, there has been a slight decline in the rate of voting consistency between "Solidarity" PPB and Radical Party in the last few months. In particular, in February 2018 the rate of voting consistency was 82%, in May – 72%.

"Samopomich" Union is another faction that decided to quit the coalition in February 2016. The rate of voting consistency with "Solidarity" PPB was 66% during the period when "Samopomich" Union formed part of government coalition. Voting consistency rate didn't change significantly after "Samopomich" left the coalition. Voting consistency rate dropped to 57% during the period from March 2016 to December 2017, but since January 2018 there has been a gradual increase. As of May 2018, voting consistency rate is 72%.

AUU "Batkivshchyna" and "Samopomich" Union pulled out of parliamentary coalition in February 2016. However, even in the times of membership in the coalition the rate of voting consistency between AUU "Batkivshchyna" and "Solidarity" PPB was significantly lower than that of other parties forming part of coalition "European Ukraine". Moreover, the percentage of concerted votes involving AUU "Batkivshchyna" and "Solidarity" PPB has been steadily decreasing. In November 2014, concerted voting of the aforesaid parties accounted for 51% of all parliamentary votes, while in February 2016 – for 41%. The decision of AUU "Batkivshchyna" to pull out of the coalition led to further escalation of conflict between the two parties. In October 2017, the percentage of votes in concert with "Solidarity" PPB dropped to a critical level (This was the month when local elections took place in UTCs. Based on the results of vote tabulation, both AUU "Batkivshchyna" and "Solidarity" PPB claimed that their candidates won the elections). A slight increase in the rate of voting consistency recorded in April 2018 (36%) was followed by a renewed decline in May. This declining trend will continue, since both of these political forces will be competing against each other in the upcoming presidential and parliamentary elections.

"Opposition Bloc" was never part of government coalition. This political force was in opposition during the whole period of current convocation of parliament. In November 2014, the rate of voting consistency between "Opposition Bloc" and "Solidarity" PPB was 9%. Since May 2015, the rate of voting consistency between the two forces has been increasing gradually and reached 27% by May 2018. The increasing percentage of concerted votes involving the "Opposition Bloc" and "party of power" suggests that these political forces established a somewhat warmer relationship as compared to the beginning of current convocation.
Who is the opposition in parliament?
The largest number of "affirmative" votes in the session hall was casted by representatives of two factions-members of coalition: "Petro Poroshenko Bloc "Solidarity" and "People's Front" voted affirmatively in slightly more than half of all cases. Representatives of "Opposition Bloc" voted approval only in one-tenth of all cases. MPs representing "Opposition Bloc" also casted the largest number of "negative" votes – in almost 4% of all cases. In turn, members of "Samopomich" Union are the ones who casted the largest number of "blank" votes in parliament – they abstained from voting in 15% of all cases. Representatives of AUU "Batkivshchyna" and non-affiliated MPs were absent from every third parliamentary voting. Meanwhile, members of deputy groups "People's Will" and "Vidrodzhennia" didn't cast any votes in almost half of all cases.

In summary, representatives of "People's Front" and "Petro Poroshenko Bloc "Solidarity" demonstrated the highest level of participation in parliamentary voting over a 3.5-year period of work of 8th convocation of the Verkhovna Rada; meanwhile, members of "Opposition Bloc", AUU "Batkivshchyna" and non-affiliated MPs were the least disciplined ones in this respect.
MPs who demonstrated
the most responsible attitude

Over a 3.5-year period of work of 8th convocation of the Verkhovna Rada, people's deputies voiced their opinions 5,524,967 times during parliamentary voting. During this period, an average Ukrainian MP skipped every fifth parliamentary vote, abstained from voting in a third of attended parliamentary votes, and casted affirmative votes in two fifths of all cases of parliamentary voting. Furthermore, an average MP voted "against" only in 1% of parliamentary votes and casted "blank" votes (abstained) in 7% of all cases.

Based on the results of analysis, OPORA identified MPs having the worst attendance record with respect to parliamentary voting. A total of 13,437 parliamentary votes were conducted during the whole period of work of current convocation. The following MPs demonstrated the highest level of discipline: Ivan Sporysh skipped only 10 parliamentary votes, current speaker of parliament Andriy Parubiy – 14 missed parliamentary votes, Serhiy Melnyk – 45, Mykola Velychkovych – 133, Taras Yuryk – 173, Mykhailo Bondar – 175. Therefore, the above-mentioned MPs attended almost 100% of parliamentary votes.
In their turn, the following MPs are the most persistent absentees in the 8th convocation of Verkhovna Rada: non-affiliated MPs Serhiy Klyuyev – attended 1.6% of all parliamentary votes, Dmytro Yarosh – 2.7%, Andriy Biletsky – 6.4%, and Kostyantyn Zhevago – 8.2%; representative of "People's Will" Vyacheslav Boguslayev – 7.5%, representative of "Opposition Bloc" Yukhym Zvyagilsky – 6.9%.
Parliamentary nonconformists
In addition to participation / non-participation in parliamentary voting, a disciplined approach also involves MP's loyalty to his / her faction. The number of votes casted in concert with the position of majority of faction members serves as an indicator of MP's loyalty. The level of loyalty of each MP ranges from 0% to 100%. There are no 100% loyal MPs in any of parliamentary factions.

At the same time, each faction has its own MPs-nonconformists who vote in the least disciplined way and most often deviate from concerted position of their faction. They aren't perceived as a threat if the faction succeeds in securing stable loyalty of the majority of its members. The only difference between parliamentary factions is the maximum tolerable level of disagreement between its individual members. The highest tolerance level was recorded in "Opposition Bloc" faction, where MP Ihor Shurma deviated from concerted position of faction majority in 59.1% of all cases. Ihor Shurma is closely followed by representatives of "Petro Poroshenko Bloc "Solidarity" (Viktor Pynzenyk) and "Vidrodzhennia" Party (Vasyl Gulyayev) who disagreed with concerted positions of their factions in 57.3% and 52.4% of all parliamentary votes, correspondingly. Andriy Zhurzhiy is the most prominent nonconformist in "Samopomich" Union faction – he voted in a departure from the party (faction) line in 31.7% of all parliamentary votes, representative of Radical Party Artem Vitko voted in the same manner in 30.5% of all cases, representative of "People's Front" Olena Kolganova – in 29.2% of all cases, member of "People's Will" deputy group Oleksandr Suprunenko – in 27.1% of all cases.
Discipline in parliamentary committees
A total of 2,283 meetings were held within the walls of parliamentary committees over a 3.5-year period of work of the Verkhovna Rada. During this period, the largest number of meetings were held by representatives of budget (141 meetings) and anti-corruption (119) committees. In their turn, committees on economic policy (63); transport (61); fuel and energy complex, nuclear power policy and nuclear safety (55); human rights, national minorities and interethnic relations (48) were two times less active.

Among 27 committees of 8th convocation of the Verkhovna Rada, the highest level of discipline was demonstrated by members of committees on science and education (84.1%); freedom of speech and information policy – 83.5%; family and youth policy, sports and tourism – 81.6%.

On the other hand, members of the committee on European integration weren't very active and attended only 62.9% of its meetings, members of the committee on human rights, national minorities and interethnic relations – 62.3%, members of national security and defense committee – 61.8%.

On average, MPs of 8th convocation of the Verkhovna Rada attended 70.5% of all meetings of relevant parliamentary committee.

Only nine people's deputies boast 100% attendance record at the meetings of parliamentary committees: Olena Boyko, Oleh Velikin, Viktor Galasyuk, Artur Palatny, Vladyslav Sevryukov, Olga Chervakova, Hryhoriy Shverk, Tetyana Yuzkova and Nina Yuzhanina.
As many as 18 MPs attended 10 (or less) percent of the meetings of relevant parliamentary committees over a 3.5-year period of work of the Verkhovna Rada. This refers to Vyacheslav Boguslayev, Yuriy Boyko, Mykhailo Dobkin, Pavlo Baloha, Kostyantyn Zhevago, Andriy Biletsky, Yuriy Solod, Oleksandr Vilkul, Dmytro Yarosh, Ruslan Solvar, Dmytro Dobkin, Oleksandr Onyshchenko, Serhiy Lyovochkin, Yevhen Bakulin, Andriy Denysenko, Serhiy Klyuyev, Yulia Tymoshenko and Stepan Ivakhiv.
Representatives of "People's Front" and "Samopomich" Union demonstrated the highest level of discipline among all parliamentary factions and groups in terms of attending the meetings of parliamentary committees – 83% and 82%, correspondingly. In their turn, MPs representing "Petro Poroshenko Bloc "Solidarity" attended 80% of meetings of parliamentary committees, representatives of AUU "Batkivshchyna" – 77%. MPs representing the Radical Party of Oleh Liashko have a much worse attendance record – 72%.

Non-affiliated MPs were present at 61% of all meetings of parliamentary committees. MP representing "People's Will", "Vidrodzhennia" Party and "Opposition Bloc" have the worst attendance records – 48%, 47% and 43%, correspondingly.
The most active MPs representing parliamentary factions with the best attendance records were Maksym Burbak ("People's Front") – attended 93.2% of all meetings, Artur Gerasymov ("Petro Poroshenko Bloc "Solidarity") – 83.2%, Oleh Berezyuk ("Samopomich" Union) – 73.3%.

The leader of Radical Party Oleh Liashko attended only 36.5% of all meetings of relevant committee, leader of AUU "Batkivshchyna" Yulia Tymoshenko managed to attend only 9.3% of all meetings.

Head of "People's Will" deputy group Yaroslav Moskalenko was present at less than 1/3 of all meetings of relevant committee (25.7%), co-chairmen of "Vidrodzhennia" Party Vitaliy Khomutynnik and Viktor Bondar attended 28.7% and 18.1% of all meetings, correspondingly.

Oleksandr Vilkul attended only 4 out of 81 meetings of relevant committee, while the other co-chairman of "Opposition Bloc" faction Yuriy Boyko ignored all the meetings of relevant committee.

Over a 3.5-year period of work of 8th convocation of the Verkhovna Rada, women-MPs demonstrated a more responsible attitude to attending the meetings of relevant committees as compared to their male counterparts – 76.5% v.s 69.7%.

On average, MPs elected from party lists attended 74.7% of all meetings of parliamentary committees, while MPs-majoritarians were present at only 65.9% of all meetings. MPs elected in Rivne and Chernivtsi oblasts boast the best attendance records – 93.5% and 90.9%, correspondingly. By contrast, MPs elected in Luhansk and Zakarpattya oblasts demonstrated the worst discipline in terms of attending the meetings of committees – 39.6% and 33.4%, respectively.
Parliamentary speechmakers
Oleh Liashko was the most prominent speechmaker in the Verkhovna Rada not accounting for the Speakers of Parliament – he made 1,104 (!) speeches with a total duration of almost 39 hours. Viktor Galasyuk ranks second in the list of top orators – 457 speeches lasting for 15 hours 44 minutes. Yuriy Levchenko was involved in as many as 687 discussions within the walls of session hall and his speeches lasted for almost the same period of time. Ruslan Knyazevich and Ihor Shurma were slightly less active in terms of parliamentary speechmaking – 490 and 298 speeches, correspondingly.

Serhiy Sobolyev, Maksym Burbak, Oleksandr Dolzhenkov, Yegor Sobolyev and Yulia Tymoshenko are also among the most prominent orators of the Verkhovna Rada. Overall, there are 77 MPs each of whom made 100 parliamentary speeches or more.
Key draft laws that were or weren't adopted
in parliament

Despite the low percentage of adopted laws, 8th convocation of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine voted affirmatively for a number of key laws that have a positive effect on the development of our country. Parliament passed several important legislative initiatives aimed at strengthening national security and defense (Law "On legal regime of martial law", "On peculiarities of state policy on the restoration of state sovereignty of Ukraine over temporarily occupied territories in Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts", "On civil-military administrations" as well as a number of draft laws on strengthening legal and social protection of military servicemen and members of their families, etc.). In addition, MPs voted affirmatively for the Law "On national police" within the framework of reform of law-enforcement system, which, in particular, provides for the introduction of new patrol police.

Verkhovna Rada adopted a number of important laws in the field of decentralization. In particular, in 2015 Ukrainian parliament adopted the Law "On voluntary association of territorial communities" which allowed for the formation of strong basic level of local self-government. In addition, Verkhovna Rada introduced amendments to the Budget Code and Tax Code of Ukraine insofar as they relate to financial decentralization as well as adopted the law on amalgamation of communities located in the territories of adjacent rayons and the law on accession of territorial communities to cities of oblast subordination.

Parliament implemented a reform of public procurement, in particular, by means of adopting the Law "On public procurement" which legally stipulates the necessity of using electronic procurement system "ProZorro".

Verkhovna Rada voted affirmatively for implementation of education and healthcare reforms, adopted several decisions on ensuring Ukraine's energy independence and supported the establishment of the Accounting Chamber, as well as introduced state funding of political parties.

MPs passed a number of draft laws on parliamentary reform, in particular insofar as they refer to the work of parliamentary committees. We are talking about the laws on amending the procedure for allocating senior positions in the committees on the basis of D'Hondt method, optimizing the work of Verkhovna Rada committees and ensuring correlation between their scopes of competence and areas of activities of corresponding ministries.

Parliament adopted several important legislative initiatives on housing & utilities sector and energy efficiency in housing and non-housing stock. People's deputies voted affirmatively for the laws "On peculiarities of exercising ownership right in condominium", "On housing services and utilities", "On energy efficiency fund", "On energy efficiency of buildings", "On commercial accounting of thermal energy and water supply" and a number of other important laws. However, in early June 2018 deputies adopted a decision to postpone the enactment of certain provisions of the laws "On housing services and utilities" and "Commercial accounting of thermal energy and water supply", which gives evidence of postponement of full-scale reform of housing and utilities sector.

Verkhovna Rada initiated a judicial reform by adopting the Law "On judiciary and status of judges". At the beginning of June 2018, parliament finally voted affirmatively for the creation of Anti-Corruption Court and selected an auditor for the National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine. At the same time, MPs failed to adopt a new electoral law that would allow for introducing a proportional representation voting system with open lists in parliamentary elections. New members of the CEC are yet to be appointed, despite the fact that the term of office of 13 current members of the CEC expired long ago. The draft law on ensuring the voting rights of internally displaced persons and labor migrants was never submitted for parliamentary consideration.
This information material was prepared at the initiative of Civil Network OPORA
within the framework of USAID Program "RADA: accountability, responsibility, democratic parliamentary representation", which is implemented by East Europe Foundation and its partners.

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